I started preaching through Exodus a few months ago and just recently finished three sermons on Moses’ encounter with God at the burning bush. One of the major points I made over the last three weeks is that the miracle of the burning bush is not so much that a bush is on fire and not consumed, but that God reveals himself.
1.) God reveals his holiness in Exodus 3:1-10.
2.) God reveals his name in Exodus 3:11-22.
3.) God reveals his signs and says he will be with Moses’ mouth in Exodus 4:1-17.
God does all of this for Moses despite his disobedience. This is God’s grace towards Moses. Now in Jesus, God’s grace has come. In Jesus, God has revealed his holiness, his name, his signs, and his words. Jesus is the fulfillment of God’s revelation in the burning bush.
Jesus is the Holy One
Mark 1:24: “What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are–the Holy One of God.”
Acts 2:27: For you will not abandon my soul to Hades, or let your Holy One see corruption.
Revelation 3:7: And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: ‘The words of the holy one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, who shuts and no one opens.”
Jesus is the name of God, and Jesus and the Father are one
John 8:58: Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.”
John 5:17-18: But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working.” This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.
John 10:27-30: My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.”
Jesus is the sign of God and Jesus is the mouth of God
Luke 2:12: And this will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths and lying in a manger.
Luke 2:34-35: And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, “Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposed (and a sword will pierce through your own soul also), so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”
Matthew 12:39-40: But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.”
John 8:28: So Jesus said to them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me.”
John 12:49: For I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment–what to say and what to speak.
John 14:10: Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works.
Two of the best essays I have read on typology are by Jim Hamilton. His essays on Joseph and David as types of Christ demonstrate exegetical how Jesus fulfills in his life what these two men did. You can access the essays below and to read the whole post click here.
I had the privilege of leading our church in their first Good Friday service. It was a blessing. I preached from Zechariah 3:1-10. One of the main points I drove home was the idea of exchange. Below is a comparison I made between what we got and what Christ got at the cross.
- We got a clean turban; while Christ got a crown of thrones.
- We were clothed with clean garments; while Christ was stripped of his garments.
- We were given life; while Christ was given death.
- We were declared innocent, even though guilty; while Christ was declared guilty, though he was innocent.
- We had our sin taken away; while Christ received our sin upon himself.
- We were reconciled to God; while Christ was separated from God.
- We as the unclean, were made clean; while Christ the clean, was made unclean for our sake.
Martin Luther reminds us of this concept of exchange when he said:
Learn Christ & him crucified. Learn to sing to him &, despairing of yourself, say, “Lord Jesus, you are my righteousness, just as I am your sin. You have taken upon yourself what is mine & have given me what is yours. You have taken upon yourself what you were not & have given to me what I was not.”
Over the past two weeks I’ve preached on Matthew chapter eight. On two different occasions I brought out how Jesus is greater than the Law.
1.) Jesus shows his greatness over the law in his exchange with the leper (Matt 8:1-4). The Law prescribed that touching a leper would make one unclean (Lev 13-14), but when Jesus touches lepers the unclean become clean. Jesus is greater than the Law because he is not subject to the stipulations of the Law when it comes to clean and unclean. In similar fashion Jesus takes upon himself (at the cross) my defilement, my leprosy of sin. Therefore, like the leper I now present before men the gift of Christ, which serves as a testimony that I am clean. In other words, I point men to Jesus as the one who has made me clean and as the one who can make them clean as well.
2.) Jesus shows his greatness over the law in his exchange with the disciple (Matt 8:21-22). The Law instructed Jews to honor their father and mother (Exo 20, Deut 5). It was a serious sin to dishonor your parents (Deut 27:16). One way to honor your parents was to give them a proper burial; however, Jesus teaches the disciple that he is to first honor him. Jesus is greater than the Law because he deserves supreme honor and attention. The disciple must not only first honor Christ, but must abandon his earthly family to join his new spiritual family (Matt 10:37-39; 12:46-50). This statement by Jesus would have been defamatory and offensive, but the greatness of Christ does not allow for any other obligations besides him.
Jim Hamilton recently posted his top ten reads on biblical studies. Can you guess what was number one? See his list here.
Download Sinclair Ferguson’s free booklet, Preaching Christ From the Old Testament here.
Westminster Bookstore is offering for a limited time an extra 10% of each volume from the NICOT series when you order two or more. See available copies here.
Jim Hamilton pointed out that Greg Beale’s important essay on apostolic hermeneutics is now available online. Read it here. It is also found in a larger work on the topic: Right Doctrine from the Wrong Texts?: Essays on the Use of the Old Testament.
I was not aware he was working on this commentary, but Iain Duguid (one of my favorite OT writers) has come out with a new work on Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. The commentary is part of the EP Study Commentary series. See it here.
John Currid’s commentary on the book of Numbers is due out later this month. It is the final volume of his series on the Pentateuch. See it here.
You can also view Currid’s other commentaries on the Pentateuch here. His commentaries are very useful.